Ethiopia is located in the north-eastern part of Africa, commonly known as the Horn of Africa, at the cross-roads between Africa, the Middle East and Asia. The country has a relatively stable political and economic environment.


The country has a large population and thus potentially one of the largest domestic markets in Africa. By virtue of its membership of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), embracing 19 countries with a population of over 400 million, Ethiopia also enjoys preferential market access to these countries.


Ethiopia qualifies for preferential access to European Union market under the EU’s Everything-But-Arms (EBA) initiative and to USA markets under the African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA). Accordingly, most Ethiopian products can enter into these markets quota and duty free. Furthermore, a broad range of manufactured goods from Ethiopia are entitled to preferential access under the Generalized System of Preference (GSP) of the USA. No quota restrictions are placed on Ethiopian exports falling under 4800 products currently eligible under the GSP.


Ethiopia is endowed with abundant natural resources. Altitude in Ethiopia ranges from 125 meters below sea level in the Danakhil depressions of the Afar region to 4,620 meters above sea level in the Amhara region. Thus the country has 18 major and 49 sub agro-ecological zones, each with its own agricultural and biological potential. It possesses one of the largest and most diverse genetic resources in the world. Besides, it has the soils and the climate suitable for the production of a variety of food crops.


Labour cost in Ethiopia is relatively low compared to the African average. The number of skilled workers and technicians is increasing steadily as a result of an increase in the number of universities, colleges, and vocational and technical training schools in the country.

Source : Ethiopian Investment Agency as per 01.07.2013


Click here for the extensive USA 2013 Investment Climate Statement on Ethiopia.



Country name: conventional long form

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia





Eastern Africa




0km (landlocked)

Border countries

Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km

Total Area

1,104,300 sq km


1 million sq km


104,300 sq km

Land use: arable


permanent crops


Irrigated land

34,200 sq km (3%)


tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation


93,877,025 (2013 est.)

0-14 years   : 44.4%

15-24 years: 19.9%

25-54 years: 29.1%

55-64 years: 3.9%

Urban population

17% of total population (2010)

Addis Ababa (capital)

2.863 million (2009) but is also estimated around 5 million.


$ 105 billion (2012 est.)

$ 98.13 billion (2011 est.)

$ 91.29 billion (2010 est.)

 note: data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP (per capita)

$1,200 (2012 est.)

$1,200 (2011 est.)

$1,100 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP Composition per sector

Agriculture: 46.6%

Industry: 14.6%

Services: 38.8% (2012 est.)

Labor Force

37.9 million (2007)

Labor force by occupation

Agriculture: 85%

Industry: 5%

Services: 10% (2009 est.)


$ 3.163 billion (2012 est.)

$ 2.957 billion (2011 est.)

Exports – commodities

coffee, khat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds

Exports – commodities

Germany 14.2%, China 12.2%, Belgium 7.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.8%, US 6.3%, Italy 5.1% (2011)

Agriculture – products

cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, khat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish


food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement


$ 10.6 billion (2012 est.)

$ 9.694 billion (2011 est.)

Imports – commodities

food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles

Telephones - mobile cellular

: 14.127 million users (2011)  

Source: CIA Factbook

 as per 01.07.2013


March 2017
26 27 28 1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31 1